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snwcmpr
10/10/2019 4:49 AM
Honduras Royal Reserve today.

allenb
10/08/2019 11:29 AM
Hi RAZ. Please post your 18-25kg build question in either the drum or fluidbed build forums and we'll all try to answer.

RAZGG2019
10/08/2019 10:43 AM
Quien me pude ayudar por favor, con el diseƱo para construir un tostador que funcione ya sea con Gas, electricidad o flujo de aire caliente, de unos (18 o 25) Kg. estoy en Venezuela

RAZGG2019
10/08/2019 10:41 AM
Saludos a todos

snwcmpr
10/01/2019 3:38 AM
Roasted Ethiopian Natural Gesha yesterday.

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Presto Poplite Wiring Problem
CharcoalRoaster
Trying to finish up this build and ran into another issue -- this time with getting the wiring straight. I am following the diagram found here https://www.engad...e-roaster/

And using this transformer https://www.amazo...&psc=1

After separating the fan and heater circuits I wired the heating coil to a single pole switch with no issues. Heat cranks on no problem.

My first wiring attempt of the fan to a dimmer tripped my breaker because I think I had the transformer switched backwards. I had the 120v side of the transformer wired to the fan. Once I figured that one out I turned it around and rewired it so that the 24v leads were connected to the fan. It did certainly crank up the fan speed to where it could loft some greens before it tripped the breaker.

However, once I rewired it and plugged it back into the outlet the dimmer would turn the fan on but (1) it was the same speed as original to the unit and (2) no variable control with the dimmer.

I've been looking around for other wiring diagrams that can help me out but no luck. What am I missing with my wiring that would allow power but no dimmer control?
 
JackH
Make sure that the dimmer is in series with one of the transformer input leads:

I swiped this from another popper build. It is a much better schematic/drawing:
(Ignore the optional router control)

The site - http://popperyii....i-mod.html

forum.homeroasters.org/forum/attachments/capture_69.jpg
JackH attached the following image:
capture_69.jpg

---Jack

KKTO Roaster.
 
CharcoalRoaster
Thanks Jack! I followed that schematic and same result. Heat works great on the switch -- no problems there. However, dimmer turns the fan on but no variable control and same speed as came with the unit.

Is it possible that when I reversed the transformer wiring with the 110 on the fan side that I blew the transformer? Or the dimmer? and that is what is causing the problem?
 
JackH
If your fan is operating at full speed then my guess would be a bad dimmer.
Does it have a push on/off? One push of the switch is off and another push activates the dimmer.
---Jack

KKTO Roaster.
 
CharcoalRoaster
Bummer, yeah it smelled a little funky once I popped the breaker. It's not a push button -- it clicks on turn to engage the fan.
 
renatoa
Standard dimmers, i.e. zero cross based, does not like inductive loads as are transformers... or induction motors...
We are using here PWM DC dimmers, placed in series with the motor.
Their principle is different, they are chopping the rectified sine, or DC, in multiple high frequency pulses, about 500 Hz, with variable duty cycle.
Edited by renatoa on 11/17/2018 11:44 PM
 
ChicagoJohn
renatoa wrote:

Standard dimmers, i.e. zero cross based, does not like inductive loads as are transformers... or induction motors...
We are using here PWM DC dimmers, placed in series with the motor.
There principle is different, they are chopping the rectified sine, or DC, in multiple high frequency pulses, about 500 Hz, with variable duty cycle.


Rheostat / coil-based voltage regulators (autotransformers) don't work well with inductive loads. However residential light dimmers of the rotary type are dual-SCR based devices that produce a chopped AC with varying pulse width at constant frequency.

I used a common rotary light dimmer from Home Depot on both of the popper builds I did on the 120VAC primary side of the 24VAC transformer with a full-wave bridge rectifying the output to unregulated DD, and they continue to work fine. On the larger air-roaster I did, I used a cheap SCR (triac) to control the 120VAC universal vacuum motor.
So many beans; so little time....
 
renatoa
Nobody wrote about autotransformers above, I meant the rectangular component, labelled dimmer, between the mains and 25V transformer.
The chopped half sine shape produced by these dimmers isn't appropriate for a transformer input, as the sharp vertical front in the moment of triac firing is generating a lot of harmonics => iron core heat.

This kind of controller does a better job, imo...
https://www.ebay....mp;_sop=15
... placed between transformer/bridge and motor.
Edited by ChicagoJohn on 11/18/2018 4:43 AM
 
CharcoalRoaster
So, can I pick up a new dimmer...? Roflmao

Or do I need to go in a different direction for fan output?
 
ChicagoJohn
renatoa wrote:

Nobody wrote about autotransformers above, I meant the rectangular component, labelled dimmer, between the mains and 25V transformer.
The chopped half sine shape produced by these dimmers isn't appropriate for a transformer input, as the sharp vertical front in the moment of triac firing is generating a lot of harmonics => iron core heat.

This kind of controller does a better job, imo...
https://www.ebay....mp;_sop=15
... placed between transformer/bridge and motor.


In an SCR you don't have a "sharp vertical front" to the wave. What happens is when the voltage reaches a certain point (variable), it cuts out. So in effect, with a dual SCR device like a dimmer switch is, you are changing the RMS voltage of the AC that is input to the transformer primary at the same frequency as line AC. SCR's and true PWM are two different things, but in SCR the width of the normal sine wave rise (+ or -) does vary but the frequency does not change.

Again, I used these for a couple years and they work fine. I had no problem with them on either build.
Edited by ChicagoJohn on 11/18/2018 4:50 AM
So many beans; so little time....
 
JackH
CharcoalRoaster wrote:

So, can I pick up a new dimmer...? Roflmao

Or do I need to go in a different direction for fan output?


I have also built this popper setup with the Poppery II.
The dimmer in the build article will work fine. $6 at Home Depot.
---Jack

KKTO Roaster.
 
renatoa
"In an SCR you don't have a "sharp vertical front" to the wave."
Dare to disagree... This is how a SCR works, see attached, the left side.

"when the voltage reaches a certain point (variable), it cuts out"
Actually, is the reverse, the triac is fired when the sine wave reach a certain point in time (time, not voltage). Thus the name: Phase Angle Control.
That's because a triac, once fired, can't be cut until the sine cross the zero line.
The final result is indeed, a variation of RMS of AC voltage, but the sine waveform change is not good for inductive loads.

The frequency does not change for PWM choppers too, what is changed is the duty cycle, see the right side picture.

...
renatoa attached the following image:
scr_vs_pwm.jpg

Edited by renatoa on 11/18/2018 8:28 PM
 
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